How To Identify Different Types Of Grass

Identifying Types of Grass

Ok, I think it is safe to say that lawn lovers want to know whether the grass that is growing in their yard is actually a lawn plant or a weed grass. In my experience, most garden center management staffs are not able to help with the identity of certain grass or turf management because they are not trained. There are several different types of grasses that we must identify in order to properly landscape any yard, whether it is the front yard or back yard. It also depends on the region in which you live here in the United States. That is also true for the global aspect because grass just does not grow in the states only. We have to be mindful of the different conditions and weather that plays on grass growth. Let me make it real clear that landscaping Chesapeake VA requires understanding the different seasons in the region.

Identifying the different regions of grass growth

Here in the United States, there are two different regions that we classify our grass in. They are the Northern Region and the Southern Region. Now, in the Northern region, there are 11 different types of grass species and in the Southern Region, there are 9 different types of grass species that we must be aware of. Each grass type has its advantages and disadvantages.

Grass Types

Northern Region Grass Species

Types of Grass                         Advantage                                              Disadvantage

  1. Tall Fescue                              Excellent shade tolerance                      High water needs
  2. Creeping Red Fescue              Tolerates shade and moist soils            Susceptible to heat and drought
  3. Chewing Fescue                      Tolerates shade                                      Susceptible to heat and drought
  4. Kentucky Bluegrass                Fast recovery from wear and abuse      Poor shade tolerance
  5. Rough Bluegrass                     Winter hardy, low mowing tolerance   Poor wear tolerance
  6. Annual Bluegrass                   Aggressive                                               Dies in winter
  7. Canada Bluegrass                   Tolerates wet or dry soil                         No wear tolerance
  8. Bent Grass                               Takes short mowing                               Very invasive
  9. Red Top                                   Tolerates wet soil                                    Short lived
  10. Annual Ryegrass                     Fast germination                                     Short lived, does not mow
  11. Perennial Ryegrass                 Fast establishment                                 Doesn’t like poor drainage

Northern Region Grass Species

Types of Grass                         Advantage                                              Disadvantage

  1. Bermuda Grass                        Tolerant to low mowing                        Poor shade tolerance
  2. St. Augustine Grass                 Shade, heat, moist tolerance                 No cold tolerance
  3. Zoysia Grass                            Tolerates moderate shade                      Slow recovery from excessive wear
  4. Bahia Grass                              Salt tolerant, very aggressive                No cold tolerance
  5. Centipede Grass                       Slow growing, easy to establish            Cold weather kills it easily
  6. Carpet Grass                             Tolerates shade and moist soil             Thin turf, not drought tolerant
  7. Kikuyu Grass                            Can take short mowing                         Needs intensive management
  8. Buffalo Grass                            Drought tolerant                                   Doesn’t wear well
  9. Bluegrama                                 Tolerates dry conditions                      Not a dense turf